Domus 30

Chaukor Studio as Architects

A residential unit for a Multi-generational Joint Family.
 
The joint family system has been an important feature of Indian culture, till a blend of urbanization and western influence, began to affect in home and hearth.
The urban joint Families are remarkable feats , of creating a unified identity for the family , but also allowing for the sufficient privacy for individual members.
Domus 30, is thus designed to emphasize & support the Concept of the multi generational Family Home. The exterior creates a strong unified statement , by creating a house of palatial proportions using classical timeless proportions. While the interiors allows for segregation & Private spaces for each sub family units.

 

   Domus 30 is a residential project designed on the core principles of classical style of architecture. The house is situated on a plot size of 600sqyards and allows for green landscaped spaces on all sides. This in turn enables the building to be open from all sides and maximizes intake of natural light in all the interior spaces. Natural daylight and greens are the two fundamental characterstics that are required to make a building complete when designed on the lines of classical era. The house is planned with three individual floors for the three families untis. This allows for all the family members to have common congreational spaces while maintaining the privacy of their individual smaller family units.  
Each of the three family units has a distinctive functional requirement which in turn changes the need and type of space required. This allows for the building volume to recede and create a terraced format in the elevation. Not only does this increase terraces and green areas on the upper floors, the receding in design allows for a very interesting play of volume and buidling elevation. There is a complex interplay of built volumes at work. A mix of single, double and even triple heighted elements are formed which provides a palatial proportion to the house while the individual terraces provide a humane scale to space. To further create interest in the building mass, elements like minarets, hanging balconies and sloping roofs are integrated into the overall building volume. Hanging balconies and terraces at multiple levels provide innumerous oppurtunities to add green planters and elements into the building facade. This allows inhabitant of each floor to have direct access to open areas, greens and amples daylight. 
Window fenestrations play a very critical role in such designs as they are responsible for not only bringing in natural light but to also add a delicate interface to the monolithic classical structure. Opening sizes of the windows are designed in proportion to the building structure. Some window openings are kept exceptionally large while some are designed to create punctures into the monolithic mass. Similar to the interplay of the building volume, windows too are designed and placed in cross-combinations to each other across the complete building facade. Larger arched windows are placed at very critical places to divert maximum attention to that part of the buidling while smaller linear windows are used to guide the eye around and across the building elevation. Larger arched window openings are divided with mullions and members to add a character of scale and intricacy to the window panes. These frames within the window openings not only add a taste of classical era to the building but also create interesting viewing angles for the inhabitants looking outside.    
The house is termed Domus, and it dates back to Roman times which was the much desired dwelling unit of the classical era. A domus generally depicted a single family house of palatial proportions while maintaining the pleasures of simple living. Natural light and greens are given lot of significance in the overall experience of the space. Large windows fenestrations (generally arched) provide ample daylight into the interior spaces thus making the spaces grand and experiential. To further accentuate the essence of palatial grandeur, the ceilings are kept high and decorated with minimal detailing to create large volumes of space filled with natural daylight. The exterior and interior materials finishes are kept minimal and monochromatic thus shifting focus of the viewer to the overall experience and not to a particular space or feature.
With a large volume and building mass similar to that of a palace, the house embodies grandeur in its purest form. To further add to it, the internal ceiling heights are also kept higher than conventional with minimal false ceilings and decoration. As the interiors are primarily kept monochromatic and white, the essence of openness and natural light becomes phenomenal. Higher ceiling heights make the interiors spacious and open that create an environment of immense peace and calmness. Since the core planning and fundamental design of the building embodies essence of classical design, the need to add claddings and additional design features vanishes. The interior design of the space only becomes a continuation of the architectural design. The material finishes become extensions of the natural daylight that floods the interior space.  
Only places where focus of the viewer has to be diverted employ the use of distinctive materials or color palletes. The building elevation for example uses natural red sandstone to define the borders around the large arched openings and give a distinctive character to the volume. In the similar essence, a different tonality of color is used in areas that are either embossed or recessed to make the element more apparent in the building facade. Wood and metal are two additional materials that are used with this style to create borders, frames and highlight specific details. Metal being a very sleek element creates an interesting contrast between itself and the monolithic built masses. Railings, Trellises and Grills are used as design elements that are crafted from wood and metal.   

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