Fass School and Teachers' Residence

Fass School and Teachers' Residence

Architect
Toshiko Mori Architect
Location
Fass, Senegal | View Map
Project Year
2019
Category
Primary Schools
Iwan Baan

Fass School and Teachers' Residence

Toshiko Mori Architect as Architects

Situated in remote Senegal, the new Fass School and Teachers' Residence is the first school in a region of over 110 villages to provide secular education alongside traditional Quranic teaching. A project completed in collaboration with the Josef and Anni Albers Foundation and Le Korsa, the school can serve up to 300 students from ages 5 to 10.

Inspired by the "One Room School House" in rural America where Josef Albers once taught, the school's design can acommodate students of different age groups and at diverse stages of development. In the design, four classrooms and two flexible spaces are arranged around an interior courtyard. The oval shape allows for easy circulation between classrooms, allowing the school's few teachers to move quickly between classes. The variation of the perimeter walls in terms of height and proximity to one another creates a wide variety of sections and experiences throughout the building.

The building's shape was inspired by vernacular precedents, while its construction utilized local, traditional skills and materials. The local construction team was provided with instructional diagrams to assist with the sequencing of the structure's precise geometry - community involvement throughout every phase allows for easy maintenance over time. Small steel members and bamboo support mud-brick walls, which are painted white to deflect heat, and perforated to allow for ventilation and airflow throughout the building. An inversion of the traditional pitched roof, the thick thatch roof reinforces climatic comfort by providing an effective insulation against extreme heat. A stack effect allows hot air to rise into the peak of the roof while inviting cool air into the spaces. With a roof pitched consistently at 45 degrees or greater, the unique form also maximizes rainwater runoff, diverting water into a channel that encircles the building and empties toward an existing aquifer.

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