J. P. Morgan And Company
Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates LLC

J. P. Morgan And Company

Roche Modern (Formerly Kevin Roche John Dinkelo) as Architects

Many buildings in the Financial District were built in the early part of this century.  They are assertive buildings, strong in form and bold in scale.  Their architects interpreted freely from the language of classical architecture and, with exuberance, employed the full range of compositional elements.

 

The mid-block site of the fifty-one-story tower extends from Wall Street through to Pine Street.  Across the street is 55 Wall Street, an 1842 landmark, from which development rights had been transferred.

 

The design of the building involved the challenge of devising a tower that was technologically and functionally contemporary, with state of the art communication systems, energy efficient and prepared for computerized offices, yet respected the quality mixture of 19th and early 20th century buildings in the area.   It also provided a special opportunity to create a distinctive public space at street level, as a needed respite from the famous narrow canyons of the financial district.

 

The building is composed as a tower on a podium.  The four-story base fills most of the site and carries through the base and cornice lines from neighboring buildings.  A 70-foot-high colonnade of paired columns lines both streets, recalling the Greek Revival facade of 55 Wall Street.  Above, corner shafts continue the motif of the colonnade in a pattern that manipulates layers of ribbon windows to produce an illusion of bundled pilasters at each corner, with curtain wall stretched between.  The green and pink granite of the base is used for the horizontal banding of the tower.  At the 42nd floor, the corner projections provide a base for a special order of eight-story pilasters, consisting of stacked bay windows.  The pilasters support a clerestory layer, surmounted by a 40-foot-high mansard roof covering mechanical equipment.  A lunette graphically caps the upward thrust of the center and integrates the facade.  The second, third and fourth floors are large, almost column-free, high ceiling floors, used for trading activities.

 

At street level is half an acre of covered, landscaped, public indoor park, three stories high.  An indoor park was chosen, not only to be useful all year round but to provide an escape from the district's tiny, walled-in streets.  Within are fountains flanked by boxed trees, mounds of greenery and flowers, waterfalls, cafes and kiosks.  It provides a long-needed respite from the bustle of surrounding streets, a place of rest and peace, a place of refreshment and a place of entertainment and art – a new concept in useful and beneficial urban space.

 

The J. P. Morgan Bank Headquarters is a distinguished building – distinguished for its architectural appropriateness at the skyline and on the street; distinguished for its advanced technological capabilities; and distinguished for its warm and friendly presence and for the welcoming oasis it provides in this unique part of Manhattan.

Featured Projects
Latest Products
News
Merk X revitalizes Amsterdam Zoo natural history building that was closed for 75 years
20 May 2022 News
Merk X revitalizes Amsterdam Zoo natural history building that was closed for 75 years

The neoclassical building was built between 1850 and 1855 to a design by Johannes van Maurik as a na... More

82,000 unique, hand-crafted tiles clad the new extension to Museum Arnhem by Benthem Crouwel Architects
20 May 2022 News
82,000 unique, hand-crafted tiles clad the new extension to Museum Arnhem by Benthem Crouwel Architects

In addition to restoring the original Museum Arnhem building, complete with characteristic historic... More

Estudio MMX interweaves open spaces throughout porous pigmented concrete villa
19 May 2022 News
Estudio MMX interweaves open spaces throughout porous pigmented concrete villa

A sequence of open spaces with a gradual degree of intimacy allow residents to move gently from the... More

Baumschlager Eberle Architekten’s Montagne du Parc demonstrates how concepts of sustainability can be implemented at an early stage of architectural completion
19 May 2022 News
Baumschlager Eberle Architekten’s Montagne du Parc demonstrates how concepts of sustainability can be implemented at an early stage of architectural completion

The largest project completed by Baumschlager Eberle Architekten in Europe to date, the new Montagne... More

Find products by looking at inspirational projects
18 May 2022 Inside Archello
Find products by looking at inspirational projects

Archello’s new Inspiration guide is the world’s first and largest reference guide with a... More

Artlist office design celebrates creativity while emphasizing work, efficiency, and collaboration
18 May 2022 News
Artlist office design celebrates creativity while emphasizing work, efficiency, and collaboration

For busy Israel-based technology company Artlist, designers Switchup created an office concept that... More

Experimental Co-Housing Denver project by Productora provides a compelling model for centrally located, low-cost housing
17 May 2022 News
Experimental Co-Housing Denver project by Productora provides a compelling model for centrally located, low-cost housing

Only a few miles from the downtown area of Denver, this experimental co-housing project by Productor... More

Baumschlager Eberle Architecten create an architectural statement for a natural setting in Alpe Furx
17 May 2022 News
Baumschlager Eberle Architecten create an architectural statement for a natural setting in Alpe Furx

On a sloping site in the Austrian ski resort of Alpe Furx, this holiday and leisure development by B... More