Lukiškės square

Lukiškės square

Architect
Architektūros linija
Location
Vilnius, Lithuania | View Map
Project Year
2018
Category
Parks/Gardens
Stories By
Architektūros linija

iGuzzini
Norbert Tukaj

Lukiškės square

Architektūros linija as Architects

The Lukiškės square began to form in the green suburb of Vilnius. The image of the territory of the city center has changed considerably during the history. With the intensification of the surrounding settlement, the trapezoidal shape of the space was evident, buildings of substancial architectural stylistic emerged. The functionality of the space has changed: broad suburban fields, used for market place, gradually decreased. The introduction of tree planting lines in space perimeter resulted in the appearance of representativeness. During the tsarist occupation of Russia, the space was used even for the demonstration in 1863. rebellious execution. During the Polish times, military parades were being retrieved here, and in the Soviet era the territory was turned into an ideologically stalled square in front of the KGB's palace, a Lenin monument was built. After Lithuania restored it‘s independence, dismantling of the sculpture, symbolized the final victory of freedom.


The main objective is to reflect the expectations of all social groups in a huge public space. Lukiškės Square will preserve the prevailing green character, but it will clearly form and express functional zones, reflecting the historical layers of different epochs. The square will naturally become a symbol of freedom and democracy.

The main provision - to reconcile the representative and recreational functions - it is important, first of all, to clearly separate the representative, memorial, social and recreational functional areas, and then, to link them to a single composite whole. The solution is emphasized by the line of artistic tension - the symbolic boundary between occupations of Lithuania and freedom. This section in space has highlighted two parts: a representative solid area of ​​the square where representative events, city celebrations, fairs, etc. can be held, as well as green - a democratic zone with lots of life and greenery - places for picnics, outdoor cafes, children's playgrounds, playgrounds , walking trails, bike trail. New lighting fixtures, other small architectural elements are installed here. The "tree of life" is a system of green space tracks, from the main path - the trunk - is split into smaller branches and immediately joins the adjacent city spaces.

Illuminating the main square of Vilnius

iGuzzini as Lighting
Lukiškės Square is the largest square in Vilnius, which in 2018 underwent some general redevelopment work entrusted to Gintaras Čaikauskas who arranged the paths and walkways to resemble a "Tree of life", a tree that becomes clear when looking at the square from above. Thought was also given to increasing the green area by planting 200 new trees and overall, the square is now more accessible to the city's residents and visitors, with considerable efforts having been made to encourage alternative means of transport like cycling.

The square is surrounded by public buildings including the Finance Ministry, the Foreign Affairs Ministry, the Court of Appeal, the Music Academy and Theatre, the Church of St. James and Philip, with the main street, Gediminas Avenue, running along the southern edge of the square.

The square's illumination was designed precisely in relationship to this street. Korgas' project devised a constant, even lighting for the main square and children's play areas, while the main routes have a "beating" rhythm defined by the use of shadows. Accent lighting was also used to indicate the main routes and key areas within the square which had to be comfortable and welcoming. So, a warm temperature was chosen to create a greater sense of intimacy. The work was assessed in the surrounding context; a balance had to be created between this area and the Prospettiva Gediminias which is very well lit. The idea was to avoid the square fading into the background while equally avoiding a competition with the main street in Vilnius. The aim was to achieve a welcoming, everyday atmosphere with the possibility of increased lighting for festivals or on special occasions. Average lighting is 20-30 lux. In order to achieve general lighting along the main pathways, pole mounted UFO luminaires with comfort optics were used, while the central pathways were also lit by iWay bollards with 360° optics. The selected optics and lighting strength meant just a few luminaires needed to be used and, as a result, this reduced installation and maintenance costs.

The lighting now creates a balance in the different areas of the old town.

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