National Museum of Korean Literature

National Museum of Korean Literature

Architect
Architects of Invention
Location
Seoul, South Korea | View Map
Project Year
2021
Category
Cultural Centres

Museums

The story is printed by us

Architects of Invention as Architects

The story is printed by us

Just as ink revolutionised the written word, the printing press revolutionised book publication– 3D printing revolutionises architecture, how we build, with a view to innovation and sustainability. Cheaper, quicker, easier— sustainable. The importance of literary culture is promoted by bringing future technology and innovation – narrative and form combine, printed in an architectural gesture.

Caption

Hand drawing manifestation

In re-establishing the primacy of hand-drawing and its original possibilities in the making of buildings, the 3D printing approach is more sensual than it first seems. A return to the rudimentary skills of a drawing using the printing tool makes art of buildings. The manifestation of a hand-drawing, printed to form a building opens amazing possibilities in the expression of cultural and expansive gestures within the built environment.

Caption

The rational vs the irrational in architecture

The comparison of a free-hand movement with controlled structural patterns highlights the contrast between 3D printed and traditional construction technology. Traditional concrete technology follows established methods, bound to the supply chain production rationalisation of manufacturing, which insisted upon technology based on the formwork dimension governed grid.

 

3D technology eliminates this notion of the grid-based rationalisation systems by using ‘singular’ material and its bottom-to-top layering method. No more factory-based rationalised supply chain systems. Post-rationalisation collides with a rationalisation of the meaningless combination of elements confined to a sequence forming a conglomerate of an organism, while the organism is a singular motion, technique, material and a free form. No more container stacked rectangles. Shape does not matter, if the rational resonates with the desired outcome. The expression of thoughts, unconstrained by technology leads to a liberation of thought itself. Just as ink made it possible to record and translate thought, not only in the form of words as symbols, but also in the generation of stories. A story can be anything, a narrative, a multi-layered, polyphonic, flowing whole—why should architecture be constrained by building blocks, unable to fully express itself, always relying on a heavy industrial supply chain?

 

3D printed concrete technology

As a novel construction method, 3D concrete printing has several merits for the construction industry in reducing project time, cost, and defects, while improving design flexibility and more environmentally friendly aspects of a project. Using this method, a predesigned building element can be built in 2D layers, laid on top of each other, the repetition of which results in the construction of a 3D object. The innovative 3D printing technique has been successfully applied to build-up, layer by layer, construction-scale structures through the extrusion of various cementitious materials. Favourable buildability of fresh cement mixture and the hardened properties of the printed structures are essential requirements for 3D concrete printing. 3D printing technology has undergone rapid development in the past few years and it is now possible to print engineering structures.

A new additive manufacturing (AM) processing route is introduced for ultra-high-performance concrete. Experimental studies of four different mixtures of silica fume and nano-clay has significantly enhanced shape stability. One of the most commonly used artificial composites in the field of civil engineering are fiber-reinforced cementitious composites (FRCCs), which consist of the randomly distributed short fibers inside a cementitious matrix. The composite of Portland cement paste and reinforcing short fibers (carbon, glass and basalt fibers, 3–6 mm) results in novel materials that exhibit high flexural (up to 30 MPa) and compressive strength (up to 80 MPa).

Caption

 

A 3d-printed building utilises 60% less concrete, it is 3-5 times faster to build and the overall cost of the finished house is 30% cheaper. 3D printed house walls and parts make up 40-45% of total construction volume. The process requires two people on site plus one for health & safety supervision.

A printed building is seismically more stable because the walls have no lateral connections as they are made out of imbued singular structural

material. Eurocode is accepting 3D concrete houses on one and two floors. In Wallenshausen, Germany company PERI is currently building 3-storey building already certified under the German code.

Caption

 

There is almost no use of steel rebars or armature except slabs (if necessary), no use of finishes internally or externally except liquid waterproofing paint in such buildings. Achieving UV values, using eco-friendly natural insulation materials like loose Rockwool, Perlit etc. by filling in the hollow body of the concrete/ mortar wall. 

There is no doubt that 3D concrete printing will continue to grow in recognition as the technology matures and becomes one of the key manufacturing technologies of the 21st century.

Caption

 

Project Credits
Product Spec Sheet

ElementBrand
3D Concrete PrintingHisys
Product Spec Sheet
3D Concrete Printing
by Hisys
Featured Projects
Latest Products
News
Top 10 Trending Glazed Office Partitions
12 Aug 2022 Specification
Top 10 Trending Glazed Office Partitions

Glazed office partition systems respond to the essential needs oftoday’s workplaces. Transpare... More

Casa Aco by Giuseppe Gurrieri Architetto merges a contemporary volume with Italian rural vernacular
11 Aug 2022 News
Casa Aco by Giuseppe Gurrieri Architetto merges a contemporary volume with Italian rural vernacular

In Italy’s Apulian countryside, Casa Aco by Giuseppe Gurrieri Architetto is a renovation and e... More

Refugee Museum of Denmark (FLUGT) by BIG sheds light on the stories, challenges, emotions, and spirit of the world's refugees
9 Aug 2022 News
Refugee Museum of Denmark (FLUGT) by BIG sheds light on the stories, challenges, emotions, and spirit of the world's refugees

Situated on the site of Denmark's largest Refugee camp from World War II, FLUGT by BIG is a museum d... More

Haydon Xi’an by Salone Del Salon is an artistic tribute to Retro, Sci-fi and Fantasy
8 Aug 2022 News
Haydon Xi’an by Salone Del Salon is an artistic tribute to Retro, Sci-fi and Fantasy

Haydon, a multi-brand cosmetics retailer recently opened its doors to a striking, new retail space i... More

Rohingya Cultural Memory Centre by Rizvi Hassan is an ode to indigenous way of living
8 Aug 2022 News
Rohingya Cultural Memory Centre by Rizvi Hassan is an ode to indigenous way of living

Located on a hilltop in the middle of a refugee camp area, The Rohingya Cultural Memory Centre, desi... More

CoBe Architecture and Paysage design a Residential Complex with an Interplay of Solid and Void
8 Aug 2022 News
CoBe Architecture and Paysage design a Residential Complex with an Interplay of Solid and Void

Located near the Bordeaux Saint-Jean railway station, Tri Postal Block designed by CoBe architecture... More

Habitat Groupé Bolette accommodates two separate houses within one confident brick volume
5 Aug 2022 News
Habitat Groupé Bolette accommodates two separate houses within one confident brick volume

On a building plot in a small Brabant village, two families are accommodated within two separate hou... More

MATISSE patisserie by NOMMA STUDIO celebrates the energy and simplicity of the famous painter’s work
5 Aug 2022 News
MATISSE patisserie by NOMMA STUDIO celebrates the energy and simplicity of the famous painter’s work

Well-designed interior spaces are one of the many reasons for the ongoing popularity of patisseries.... More