Weissenhof-Museum

Weissenhof-Museum

Architect
arch_it

Pierre Jeanneret

La Corbusier
Location
Stuttgart, Germany
Project Year
1927
Category
Museums
Stories By
Archello Classics

arch_it
Rob Deutscher

Weissenhof Museum - Le Corbusier

Archello Classics as Media

In Stuttgart, the ideas of Le Corbusier to face their European counterparts during the exhibition organized in 1927 by the Deutscher Werkbund, which has a huge impact. This association is dedicated to art and industry built for the exhibition "Die Wohnung" (1927) a "Siedlung'' (urbanization) on the slopes of experimental Weissenhof.


The house combines two double rooms and various symmetrical, unified by a row of piles and ripped a window the size of the building. In the antithesis of the generous spaces of the house ''Citrohan" represents an experimental device that shows the change of use between day and night. The rooms are being converted into bedrooms at night and the economy Spartan version of the night, the rooms exceeded in size only to the cabins of cars bed, you are worth many sarcastic comments. To present the houses in Stuttgart, highly appreciated by many visitors as the Russian painter Kasimir Malevich, Le Corbusier wrote one of his strongest which makes manifest the " five points of a new architecture". These five points coming from the use of a reinforced concrete structure, which allows a healthy liberation. The plant "paralyzed" from the stone houses and its massive walls are constrained and "liberate" the area useful multiply through the piles and the garden terraces.


Finally, the window torn flooded interiors a light that promotes health. Therefore, within ten years, has managed to transform Le Corbusier, with their slogans and buildings, the very concept of home, which had already questioned Adolf Loos in Vienna before 1914. However, the "machine for living", he said, it takes different faces, depending on the configuration of the ground, according to the uses and in any case, though the movement of its residents and visitors and floods of intense clarity.


Source: Wikipedia.org

A way to modernity. The Werkbund Estates 1927 - 1932. Exhibition in Wroclaw's Museum of Architecture (PL)

arch_it as Architects

A way to modernity. The Werkbund Estates 1927 - 1932 opening of the exhibition 31 March at 6 P.M. Museum of Architecture in Wroclaw, Bernardynska 5 ma.wroc.pl


It was believed that they could change people and their lives. Have lasting impact on architectural landscape and start a new way of thinking about housing construction. They were an expression of the belief that in a modern, democratic world it is possible to meet the housing needs of the population and thus create a new society, conscious of its choices.


Weissenhof, Nový Dům, WuWA, Neubühl, Lainz, Baba - experimental Werkbund housing estates built in Europe between 1927-1932, significantly influenced the development of world architecture. There are only six of them - in Germany, Poland, the Czech Republic, Switzerland and Austria - symbolizing ‘architectural and urban revolution’ of the first half of the twentieth century. They constitute cultural heritage of extraordinary importance, a reflection of the history of political and social movements in Europe, a testimony of the dissemination of modernist architecture. Moreover, both today and in the future, they are an ambitious challenge in the field of monument protection.


The exhibition "A way to modernity", presented in the Museum of Architecture in Wroclaw from 31 March to 5 June 2016, exhibits all the model housing estates in one place for the first time. The exhibition is one of the most important events undertaken as part of the architectural program of the European Capital of Culture Wroclaw 2016.


Thanks to the cooperation of six cities and six institutions affiliated with them, you will be able to see the historical plans, architectural designs and documents, models of all the estates and individual houses, as well as archival and contemporary photo documentation, original furniture, interior elements and domestic appliances. This is a unique opportunity to show the original design of a kitchen, dining room and living room from Neubühl estate in Zurich, bedroom furnishings from estates in Brno and Stuttgart, and lamps, dishes and toys from Baba estate in Prague. Presentations showing the present condition of Werkbund estates were prepared specifically for the exhibition. The exhibition is complemented by an extensive catalog containing articles written by experts in the field of modernist architecture and biographies of all the authors of the estates published in Polish, English, German and Czech. A program of meetings, lectures and educational activities is also planned to accompany the exhibition.


WERKBUND MODEL ESTATES 1927-1932


The first exhibition devoted to modern flats was organized by Werkbund in Stuttgart in 1927. The innovative idea was to show the exhibition not only in classic exposition of new materials and construction techniques in temporary structures, but also the whole housing estate with interiors. In this way, Weissenhof estate was created within the Stuttgart exhibition. It was the result of cooperation between 17 avant-garde architects of contemporary Europe and a strong impulse for the international modernist movement.


A year later, in 1928, CIAM (Congrès Internationaux de l'Architecture Moderne - International Congress of Modern Architecture) was founded in La Sarraz, and Werkbund branches in different countries were preparing new housing exhibitions, also in the form of completed housing estates.


The result were the estates in Brno (1928), Wroclaw (1929), Zurich (1931), Vienna and Prague (1932). Each of them was different, as they focused on different themes and architectural aspects, referring to the economic and political conditions of the country. They were created in order to check the functional principles of modern architecture, present new technical possibilities in mass construction and a new type of low-cost small- and medium-sized flats with great social importance. Ready-built and decorated houses were to convince their future dwellers to new ways of housing.


All Werkbund estates still exist and are inhabited. Preserving these experimental houses and their surroundings is a great challenge for the protection and conservation of monuments.


Exhibition open from 31 March till 5 June, 2016. ma.wroc.pl

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